Carbon monoxide poisoning

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  • MCC of death in fires
  • Presentation: Headaches, NAV, abdominal discomfort, confusion, coma, pinkish-red skin tone

Diagnosis

  • Carboxyhemoglobin levels
  • ABGs: Low HCO3 and pH

Treatment

  • Remove exposure
  • 100% oxygen
  • Hyperbaric oxygen if severe (acidosis, CNS or cardiac symptoms)

Differential diagnosis

  • Cyanide (burning rubber/plastic)
  • Methemoglobinemia (cyanosis, almond breath)